Palestine

The traditional extremity of biblical Palestine was Dan in the north and Beersheba in the south (1 Sam. 3:20), which are about 240 km. (150 miles) apart. There are two inland seas (Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea) and the River Jordan joins them, flowing through a deep valley, often flooded. The Sea of Galilee (also known as Gennesaret, or Tiberias) is about 21 km. (13 miles) long by 12.8 km. (8 miles) across, and has an abundant stock of edible fish. But the Dead Sea, much bigger, is in very inhospitable country, below sea level. The River Jordan rises in the Lebanon mountains and is fed by numerous small streams, such as the Cherith (1 Kgs. 17:1–7).
Two valleys run across the centre of the country from the Mediterranean Sea on the west to the River Jordan—the plain of Megiddo (or Esdraelon) and the valley of Jezreel.
The main range of mountains runs from north to south just to the west of the Jordan, from upper Galilee to the desert. Beyond the mountains and by the Mediterranean, south of the plain of Megiddo, are the fertile plains of Philistia and Sharon, but at the northern end the plain is interrupted by the Carmel range of hills, in the middle of which is a pass at Megiddo. Here was the vital point to control military and commercial traffic between Egypt and Syria and the east. It was the scene of great battles, as when Josiah tried to resist the Egyptians (2 Kgs. 23:29 f.).
Other mountains mentioned in the Bible are Hermon, a few miles north of Dan, Tabor [[➝ Tabor, Mount]], west of the Sea of Galilee, and Sinai, south of Palestine and north of the Red Sea. The wilderness round Sinai is linked to Beersheba by a desert area known as the Negeb.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PALESTINE — La Palestine, contrée aux limites mal définies et changeantes selon le cours de l’histoire, n’est que la partie méridionale de la région syro palestinienne – qui constitue, elle même, la corne occidentale du «Croissant fertile» –, voie de passage …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • PALESTINE — PALESTINE, one of the names of the territory of the southern Levant known as the Land of israel and much later as the Holy Land. The name Palestine was originally an adjective derived from Heb. פְּלֶׂשֶת, Peleshet (Isa 14:29, 31; see also Prst or …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Palestine — Palestine, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 741 Housing Units (2000): 321 Land area (2000): 3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine — ist die englische Schreibweise für Palästina und der Name mehrerer Orte in England: Palestine (Hampshire) in den USA: Palestine (Arkansas) Palestine (Illinois) Palestine (Ohio) Palestine (Texas) Palestine (West Virginia) Palestine ist weiterhin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palestine, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 741 Housing Units (2000): 321 Land area (2000): 3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1366 Housing Units (2000): 714 Land area (2000): 0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 170 Housing Units (2000): 73 Land area (2000): 0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 17598 Housing Units (2000): 7668 Land area (2000): 17.698861 sq. miles (45.839837 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.183332 sq. miles (0.474827 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.882193 sq. miles (46.314664 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine — from L. Palestina (name of a Roman province), from Gk. Palaistine (Herodotus), from Heb. Pelesheth Philistia, land of the Philistines. Revived as an official political territorial name 1920 with the British mandate. Under Turkish rule, Palestine… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Palestine [1] — Palestine, 1) Hauptort der Grafschaft Anderson im Staate Texas (Nordamerika); Seminar; 1200 Ew.; 2) Hauptort der Grafschaft Crawford im Staate Illinois …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Palestine [2] — Palestine, Schriftgattung, s. Schrift …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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